M.L. SULTAN TECHNIKON
NOVEMBER 2001 EXAMINATION


INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAMME INSTRUCTIONAL OFFERING DURATION MARKS EXAMINER MODERATOR 
B.TECH RESEARCH METHODOLOGY THREE HOURS 100 Dr R.P. Chetty Prof D.R. Bagwandeen 

=================================================== INSTRUCTIONS/REQUIREMENTS 1. Answer all questions 2. Calculators may be used. =================================================== DO NOT TURN THE PAGE BEFORE PERMISSION IS GIVEN 

SECTION A
1.
Outline the steps in the research process by means of a flow chart.
(10)
2.
What do you understand by the following terms and what would you include
in this section of your proposal?
2.1
Critical Questions/Hypothesis
2.2
Literature Review
2.3
Data Collection Plan
(15)
3.
Distinguish between a sample and a population. Give an example to
illustrate your answer
(5)
4.
Explain two methods of sampling and illustrate each method with an
example.
(10)
5.
Distinguish between the validity and reliability of a measuring
instrument.
(5)
6.
Explain how you would use the table of random numbers to draw a sample of
40 subjects from a population of 300 subjects.
(5)
TOTAL: 50
SECTION B
The
following depicts the relationship between test scores (X) and examination
scores (Y) for a group of students.
STUDENT 
X 
Y 



A 
1 
5 
B 
2 
4 
C 
2 
5 
D 
2 
6 
E 
3 
8 
F 
5 
7 
G 
5 
8 
H 
7 
7 
I 
7 
8 
J 
8 
8 
1. Draw a histogram for the Xdata.
(4)
2.
Calculate the following:
2.1 mode for the Yscores
(2)
2.2 median for the Xscores
(2)
2.3 mean for the Yscores
(2)
2.4 Range for the Xscores
(2)
2.5 Variance for the Xscores
(4)
2.6 Standard deviation for the Xscores(4)
SECTION
C
1. What
factors would you take into account when deciding to choose between using an interview
or a questionnaire to
collect data from your sample.
(5)
2.
How would you ensure the validity of your questionnaire?
(10)
3.
Give five differences between a conversation and an interview?
(5)
4.
What do you understand by the term ethics in social science research?
(5)
TOTAL:
30
FINAL
TOTAL: 100